300 S. Prairieville St
PO Box 991
Athens, TX 75751
Toll Free: 877-596-3500
M-F 9am - 4pm
Diabetes is a disease in which the body does not produce or properly use insulin, a hormone that is needed to convert sugar, starches and other food into energy needed for daily life.
There are 23.6 million Americans, or about 8 percent of the population, who have diabetes. While an estimated 17.9 million people have been diagnosed with diabetes, unfortunately, 7 million people are unaware that they have the disease.
Type 1 diabetes results from the body’s failure to produce insulin, the hormone that “unlocks” the cells of the body, allowing glucose to enter and fuel them.
Type 2 diabetes results from insulin resistance (a condition in which the body fails to properly use insulin), combined with relative insulin deficiency.
Type 1 diabetes or juvenile-onset represents 5 percent to 10 percent of all diagnosed cases of diabetes. Risk factors are less well defined for Type 1 diabetes than for Type 2 diabetes, but autoimmune, genetic, and environmental factors are involved in the development of this type of diabetes.
Type 2 diabetes or adult-onset diabetes may account for about 90 percent to 95 percent of all diagnosed cases of diabetes. Risk factors for Type 2 diabetes include:
Having Type 2 diabetes increases your risk for many serious complications, including:
Diabetes often goes undiagnosed because many of its symptoms seem so harmless. Recent studies indicate that the early detection of diabetes symptoms and treatment can decrease the chance of developing the complications of diabetes.
If you have one or more of these diabetes symptoms, see your doctor right away.
Small changes in diet and exercise can prevent Type 2 diabetes from developing or slow it in its tracks. With proper care, people with diabetes can lead normal, satisfying lives. Much of this care is “self-managed,” meaning that if you have this condition, you must take day-to-day responsibility for your own care.
The following action steps will help you either prevent diabetes or reduce the severity of symptoms.
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Mission Statement: Outstanding Service with Integrity.